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Perú (Amazon Jungle, Machu Picchu, Cuzco)


Travel pictures from Peru

by Dr. Günther Eichhorn


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My first visit to South America was in 1997. I spent two weeks in Perú in March, 1997. One week was in the Amazon rain forest near Iquitos. This included a trip up the Amazon about 100 km (60 miles) to a Jungle Lodge where I stayed 3 days and had some nature walks and trips on boats, including one at night. I saw a lot of wildlife. The tracker was fantastic. He could spot camouflaged animals in the jungle 100 m away. We saw parakeets, the big Macaw parrots, monkeys, sloths, iguanas, and lots of birds. The Amazon river is impressive. It is at times more than a couple of kilometers wide. We saw some river dolphins. They are essentially blind, since the river is usually too muddy to see anything. They navigate mostly by echo location.

At the time of this vacation I didn't have a good camera, just a fixed focal length small 35 mm, so I don't have pictures of all these animals.

The second week I spent in the Andes at Cuzco. Sightseeing around Cuzco brought me to various Inca temple sites and other remnants of this ancient culture.

The highlight of that part of my trip was the excursion to Machu Picchu by train. The train ride is very scenic through some wild gorges. The trip up to Machu Picchu is by bus. Machu Picchu is really impressive.

I stayed at Machu Picchu for one night. My hotel was in the valley. There is a hotel on the mountain. If you plan to stay at Machu Picchu, you should definitely try to get a room at the hotel on the mountain.

On the second day I walked down from the mountain. It was a very scenic walk of maybe 1 ½ hours, with lots of interesting plants to see, including many orchids.

Here are some of the pictures I took on my trip. All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn

If you know the name of any of the animals or plants that are not named in these pages, please let me know at email me so I can add the names to my pictures.

Addendum: In 2002 I have visited several other countries in South America

Amazon Basin in Perú

jungle riverJungle along the Amazon river. (765k)
rainforest 1Amazon Rain forest closeup. (755k)
rainforest 2Rain forest. (812k)
rainbowRainbow over a flood lake connected to the Amazon. (We were fishing for Piranhas in that lake). (554k)
amazon debrisSwollen Amazon with trees floating downriver. The Amazon rises in the rainy season by 10-15 m and is filled with floating trees. (475k)
amazon sunsetSunset over the Amazon. (494k)
flooded forestFlooded rain forest. I was there halfway through the rainy season. The river had already risen by 6 m. It would rise another 6 m or so. (774k)
clearcutForest clear-cut. This is a big problem in the Amazon basin. (722k)
lianaLiana in the rain forest. Some of these lianas contain large amounts of drinkable water in their porous wood. Our guide cut of a piece of a liana about 60 cm long. You can drink from it like from a water jug. (742k)
flowerpodFlower. (745k)
rainforest flower 3Heliconia sp. in the rain forest. (691k)
rainforest flower 2Heliconia sp. in the rain forest. (506k)
rainforest flower 1Heliconia flowers in the rain forest. (527k)
waterliliesGiant Amazon Water Lilies (Victoria amazonica). Some of them were almost 2 m in diameter. (768k)
termite nestTermite nest. These are quite different from what you see in Africa. These termites build cement tubes along the tree as walkways. (616k)
praying mantissPraying Mantis. It is well camouflaged in the center of the picture in thread posture. (803k)
tarantulaPeruvian Pinktoe Tarantula (Avicularia urticans) (655k)
millipedMillipede. You can see the wave-like motion of his feet. (606k)
boaPython. (731k)
toucanA Toucan in the jungle lodge. He was free flying but stayed in the lodge. (530k)
weaverbirdsA tree full of weaverbird nests. (643k)
river dolphinsThere are several species of dolphins in the Amazon. They are generally almost blind, since the water is usually too full of sediment to see anything. They orient themselves with echo location. There is a dolphin in the picture in the center, unfortunately without a telephoto lens I couldn't get a better picture. (736k)
jungle bridgeYes, that was a bridge we crossed. (957k)
jungle lodgeJungle lodge. I stayed there for 3 day, about 100 km upstream of Iquitos. The buildings are on stilts because of the flood waters. (814k)
lodge walkRaised walkway in the lodge, lighted by kerosene lamps. That was the way to the bathroom. At night it was full of insects that had burned themselves on the kerosene lamps. (522k)
transport boatA passenger/freight boat on the Amazon. Most of the transportation in the Amazon basin is done on boats. (521k)
harvest boatBringing the harvest to market in Iquitos. (737k)
log floatLogs from logging operations are floated downriver to Iquitos. (604k)
paddle boatCanoes are like bicycles in the Amazon basin. Even young children use them to get around. (628k)
iquitosA village on the Amazon, north of Iquitos. (488k)
iquitos boatsBoats in one of the harbour areas in Iquitos. (710k)
iquitos taxiMotorcycle taxi in Iquitos, waiting for a customer. (722k)
trainA local train leaving the train station at Machu Picchu, loaded to the max. (604k)
marketIndian market an hour from Cuzco. (695k)

Inca Architecture around Cuzco

cusco stadium 1Huge open Inca playing field with spectator terraces near Cuzco. (690k)
cusco stadium 2Huge stone wall on the other side of the playing field. (688k)
stone wall 2Stone wall. Notice the accurate fit of the stones in various shapes. (720k)
stone wall 3Size comparison of the stone wall. (836k)
stone wall 1One of the huge corner stones on this stone wall. (579k)
stonework detailStone work detail. (609k)
door 1Doors, windows and wall niches are all tapered on the top. This is not a perspective illusion, they are built like that. (882k)
fountainFountain. Water fountains are ubiquitous in Inca ruins. They were quite important for the Inca. (765k)
irrigation channelIrrigation Channel. The water would run down the channel. At the terrace that they wanted to water, a stone slab would divert the water from the channel to the terrace. (968k)
templeTemple near Cuzco. (666k)
temple detailDetail of the stone work in this temple. The construction here is quite different from the large stone wall around the playing field above. (710k)
cusco incatrailThe Inca trail on the mountain in the distance near Cuzco. This is the trail that leads to Machu Picchu. (856k)
temple cuscoTemple in Cuzco. Note the incredible accuracy of the stone work. This was the most accurately constructed stone work that I saw. (505k)
cusco templeTemple detail in Cuzco. (704k)

Machu Picchu

valley viewView of the valley below Machu Picchu. (694k)
trainstationTrain station below Machu Picchu. The river behind the station was a raging current, since it was rainy season. (924k)
andes flowerFlowers on Machu Picchu. I walked down from Machu Picchu to the hotel near the train station. On the way down I saw many orchids and other flowers. (928k)
switchback machu picchuSwitchback going up to Machu Picchu. (867k)
machu picchu mistView of Machu Picchu in the clouds. (580k)
farming terracesFarming Terraces behind Machu Picchu. (769k)
rainbow belowRainbow below Machu Picchu. (802k)
machu picchu 2Machu Picchu. (665k)
machu picchu 1Machu Picchu. (751k)
valley ruinValley below Machu Picchu with Inca ruin in the foreground. (929k)
rock usageThe bedrock is integrated in the walls that the Inca built. (817k)
machu picchu altarA sun clock (Intihuatana in Quechua). Like most of the religiously important structures it shows three steps. (729k)
3stepsAnother worship place, showing the three steps. (905k)
door 2A doorway in Machu Picchu. It again shows the tapered shape. Above the doorway is a stone ring (seen head-on) that is used to hang the actual door. The holes to the right and left of the doorway serve to hold the door shut. (968k)
stone splitIn order to split the large stones, the Inca presumably carved a row of holes in a stone, put wooden pegs in the holes, and then put water on the pegs to make them swell and break the stone. This is from a re-enactment of this procedure, done shortly after Machu Picchu was re-discovered. (1113k)
old-new wallThe bottom part of this wall was built by the Inca, the top was put on recently. What a difference in construction! (767k)
incatrail machu picchuFarming terraces on Machu Picchu, with the Inca trail on the mountain behind it. This is the trail that leads to Cuzco. I walked it a little bit, but it quickly got uncomfortable with my acrophobia. (765k)
inca trailInca trail in the mist. (660k)

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Perú (Amazon Jungle, Machu Picchu, Cuzco) on

© Dr. Günther Eichhorn
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